This 2018 review discusses the treatment of acne vulgaris, usually known as acne. Comparing acupuncture with conventional drug treatments, for this common, chronic skin condition.
What causes acne?
Researchers believe that four main factors influence acne formation:
- follicular keratinisation, in which cells lining the hair follicles, instead of being shed onto the skin’s surface, clump together and block the follicle
- increased skin sebum production, or a change in the sebum composition, possibly as a result of hormonal influences
- infection with acne causing bacteria, Propionibacterium acnes, which promotes inflammation
- release of immune system compounds that promote and perpetuate inflammation, which causes follicular keratinisation.